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A Pentecostal Appropriation of the Wesleyan Quadrilateral

12. Ibid. p. 9.

13. Donald A.D. Thorsen, The Wesleyan Quadrilateral: Scripture, Tradition, Reason, and Experience as a Model of Evangelical Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1990), p. 16.

14. Outler, Wesleyan Quadrilateral, p. 2.

15. See Thomas C. Oden, John Wesley’s Scriptural Christianity: A Plain Exposition of His Teaching on Christian Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1994), p. 20.; Also see Randy L. Maddox, “Responsible Grace: The Systematic Nature of Wesley’s Theology Reconsidered,” Wesleyan Theological Journal 19:2. (1984).

16. Thorsen, p. 17.

17. Outler, Wesleyan Quadrilateral, p. 4.

18. Works, 8:340. “The Character of a Methodist.”

19. Works, 8:340. “The Character of a Methodist.”

20. Works, 5:3. “Preface.”

21. Works, 14:220. “Abridgments of Various Works.”

22. Explanatory Notes Upon the New Testament, 2 Timothy 3:16.

23. Works, 10:79. “Letter to the Rev. Dr. Middleton.”

24. Kenneth J. Collins, “John Wesley’s Critical Appropriation of Tradition in His Practical Theology.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 35:2 (200). p. 69-90.

25. Ibid, p. 75.

26. Ted A. Campbell, John Wesley and Christian Antiquity: Religious Vision and Cultural Change. (Nashville, TN: Kingswood Books, 1991).

27. Thorsen, p. 152.

28. Works, 7:423. “At the Foundation of City-Road Chapel.”

29. Ibid, 7:423.

30. Thomas A. Langford, Practical Divinity: Theology in the Wesleyan Tradition. (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1989), p. 12.

31. Works, 10:485. “Address to the Clergy.”

32. Works, 5:38. “Scriptural Christianity.”

33. Campbell, Christianity Antiquity, p. 83.

34. Works, 10:1. “Letter to Rev. Dr. Middleton.”

35. Maddox, Responsible Grace: John Wesley’s Practical Theology. p. 135.

36. Ibid, p. 135.

37. Ibid, 6:351-60. “The Case of Reason Considered.”

38. Ibid, 6:353.

39. Maddox, Responsible Grace: John Wesley’s Practical Theology. p. 40.

40. Works, 6:354. “The Case of Reason Considered.”

41. Oden, p. 75.

42. Works, 6:355-58.

43. Outler, Wesleyan Quadrilateral. p. 127.

44. Works, 6:354.

45. Works, 8:13-14. “An Earnest Appeal to Men of Reason and Religion.”

46. Ibid, 8:14.

47. Works, 5:124. “The Witness of the Spirit.”

48. Works, 5:124. “The Witness of the Spirit.”

49. Mildred Bangs Wynkoop, A Theology of Love: The Dynamic of Wesleyanism. (Kansas City, Missouri: Beacon Hill Press), p. 350.

50. Theodore H. Runyon, “The Importance of Experience for Faith.” Randy L. Maddox ed. Aldersgate Reconsidered. p. 93-107.

51. Works, “A Letter to a Roman Catholic.”

52. Works, 10:79. “Letter to Rev. Dr. Middleton.”

53. Ibid, 5:125.

54. Oden, p. 226

55. There are a number of books and articles that have discussed the theological connection between the Wesleyan-Holiness movement and Pentecostalism. Winfield H. Bevins, Rediscovering John Wesley. (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 2004); D. William Faupel, The Everlasting Gospel: The Significance of Eschatology in the Development of Pentecostal Thought. (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996); Steve J. Land, Pentecostal Spirituality: A Passion for the Kingdom. (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997); Donald Dayton, Theological Roots of Pentecostalism. (New Jersey: Hendrickson Publishers, 1897); Vinson Synan, The Holiness Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1997); and a recent work by Laurence W. Wood, The Meaning of Pentecost in Early Methodism: Rediscovering John Fletcher as Wesley’s Vindicator and Designated Successor. (Scarecrow Press, 2003). Even non-Wesleyan Pentecostal scholars acknowledge the Wesleyan influence upon the early development of the Pentecostal movement. See Edith L. Blumhofer, “Purity and Preparation”, in S.M. Burgess (ed.), Reaching Beyond: Chapters in the History of Perfectionism (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1986), p. 275 and W.M. Menzies, “The Non-Wesleyan Origins of the Pentecostal Movement.” In V. Synan (ed.), Aspects of Pentecostal Charismatic Origins (Plainfield, NJ: Logos, 1975), p. 97.

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About the Author: The Rev. Dr. Winfield H. Bevins serves as the Director of Asbury Seminary’s Church Planting Initiative. He is also the Canon for Church Planting for the Anglican Diocese of the Carolinas and an adjunct professor at Trinity School for Ministry. He is the author of Plant: A Sower’s Guide to Church Planting (Seedbed, 2016), Rediscovering John Wesley (Pathway Press, 2005), Our Common Prayer: A Field Guide to the Book of Common Prayer (Simeon Press, 2013), Creed: Connect to the Basic Essentials of Historic Christian Faith (NavPress, 2011), and Grow at Home: A Beginner’s Guide to Family Discipleship (Seedbed, 2016). Amazon Author Page Facebook Twitter: @winfieldbevins

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