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Agnes Sanford: Apostle of Healing and First Theologian of the Charismatic Renewal, Part 1, by William L. De Arteaga

Part 2 continues in the next issue.


1 Dave Hunt and T.A. McMahon, The Seduction of Christianity (Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 1985).

2 Ibid., see especially chapter 9 “Shamanism Revived.” In this paper I will not cover Mrs. Sanford’s development of the ministry of inner healing. I hope to present that controversial topic at next year’s SPS conference.

3 William De Arteaga, Quenching the Spirit (Lake Mary: Creation House, 1996).

4 William De Arteaga, “Confusing the Roots With the Fruits,” Ministries Today 9 (July/August 1991), 56-62, and Quenching the Spirit, passim.

5 Charles Edward White, “Phoebe Palmer and the Development of Pentecostal Pneumatology.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 23 (spring/fall, 1983): 198-212.

6 The classic work of the Faith Cure Movement is: Carrie F. Judd’s, The Prayer of Faith (Buffalo, N.Y.: H. Otis, 1882).

7 D. R. McConnell, A Different Gospel: A Historical and Biblical Analysis of the Modern Faith Movement (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1988). Subsequent intensive research by Dale H. Simmons, published in his book, E. W. Kenyon and Postbellum Pursuit of Peace, Power, and Plenty (Lanham, MD: Scare Crow Press, 1977) and Geir Lie in his article “The Theology of E. W. Kenyon: Plain Heresy or Within the Boundaries of Pentecostal-Charismatic “Orthodoxy”?” PNEUMA 22 (spring, 2000) 85-114, have shown that Kenyon was influenced mostly by Holiness theology, not New Though.

8 De Arteaga, Quenching the Spirit, chapter 13. My position is based largely on Harold O. J. Brown’s Heresies: The Image of Christ in the Mirror of Heresy and Orthodoxy From the Apostles to the Present (Garden City: Doubleday & Co., 1984) and Leonard Verduin’s, The Reformers and their Stepchildren (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1964).

9 The role that Glenn Clark and his CFO played in challenging cessationism and preparing the way for the charismatic renewal is described in my article “Glenn Clark’s Camps Furthest Out: The Schoolhouse of the Charismatic Renewal” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 25:2 (2003) 265-288.

10 The Rev White’s trials with cessationist orthodoxy in China are mentioned in Mrs. Sanford’s Sealed Orders, (Plainfield: Logos International, 1971), and extensively described in her autobiographical novel, The Second Mrs. Wu (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1965), which gives a detailed description of her years at the mission station in Hsuchoufu.

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Category: Church History, Pneuma Review, Spring 2006

About the Author: William L. De Arteaga, Ph.D., is known internationally as a Christian historian and expert on revivals and the rebirth and renewal of the Christian healing movement. His major works include Quenching the Spirit: Discover the Real Spirit Behind the Charismatic Controversy (Creation House, 1992, 1996), Forgotten Power: The Significance of the Lord’s Supper in Revival (Zondervan, 2002), Agnes Sanford and Her Companions: The Assault on Cessationism and the Coming of the Charismatic Renewal (Wipf & Stock, 2015), and The Public Prayer Station: Taking Healing Prayer to the Streets and Evangelizing the Nones (Emeth Press, 2018). Bill pastored two Hispanic Anglican congregations in the Marietta, Georgia area, and is semi-retired. He continues in his healing, teaching and writing ministry and is the state chaplain of the Order of St. Luke, encouraging the ministry of healing in all Christian denominations. Facebook

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