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The Great Civil War Revival: God at Work in Unlikely Places

[7] Phillip Shaw Paludan, “Religion and the American Civil War,” in Religion and the American Civil War, ed. Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson (New York: Oxford, 1998), 21.

[8] Shattuck, 1.

[9] Paludan, 22.

[10] Charles Reagan Wilson, “Religion and the American Civil War in Comparative Perspective,” in Religion and the American Civil War, ed. Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson (New York: Oxford, 1998), 396.

[11] Noll, 49.

[12] Ibid., 66.

[13] Mark Summers, “The Great Harvest: Revival in the Confederate Army During the Civil War,” Religion and Liberty 21, no. 3 (2015), accessed July 11, 2015, http://www.acton.org/pub/religion-liberty/volume-21-number-3/great-harvest-revival-confederate-army-during-civi.

[14] Steven E. Woodworth, While God is Marching On: The Religious World of Civil War Soldiers (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2001), 8.

[15] Summers.

[16] Woodworth, 4.

[17] Sidney J. Romero, Religion in the Rebel Ranks (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983), 114.

[18] William W. Bennett, A Narrative of the Great Revival Which Prevailed in the Southern Armies During the Late Civil War Between the States of the Federal Union (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle, 1976), 275.

[19] Benjamin Lacy, “Revival in the Confederate Army,” Heart Cry Journal 15 (2001), accessed July 11, 2015, https://www.lifeaction.org/revival-resources/heart-cry-journal/issue-15/revival-confederate-army/.

[20] John H. Worsham, One Of Jackson’s Foot Cavalry (New York: The Neale Publishing Company, 1912), 182.

[21] Troy D. Harman, The Great Revival of 1863: Effects Upon Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, ed. Kurtis Toppert and Walter Seager (Damascus, MD: Penny Hill Press, 2013), 9, Kindle.

[22] J. William Jones, Christ in the Camp: The True Story of the Great Revival During the War Between the States (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle, 1986), 338.

[23] J. F. J. Caldwell, The History Of A Brigade of South Carolinians: Known First As “Gregg’s” And Subsequently As “McGowan’s Brigade” (Marietta, GA: Continental Book Company, 1951), 112-113.

[24] Jones, 289.

[25] Bennett, 323.

[26] Woodworth, 263.

[27] Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address presents the best example of the prevailing attitude that God’s purpose in the war was unknowable.

[28] Ibid.

[29] Ibid., 253.

[30] Lacy.

[31] Ibid.

[32] Andrew Scott Bledsoe, “‘We Are a Spectacle to God’: The Phenomenon of Confederate Revivalism,” Academic Forum 23 (2005-2006): 42.

[33] Gene Brooks, “The Revivals in the Confederate Armies as Part of the Great Prayer Meeting Revival 1858-1865,” Sunday in the South, 2008, accessed July 11, 2015, http://www.oocities.org/genebrooks/mh520.html.

[34] Shattuck, 83.

[35] Bennett, 9.

[36] Ibid.

[37] Bledsoe, 37.

[38] Woodworth, 214.

[39] Ibid., 217.

[40] Bennett, 413.

[41] Bledsoe, 39.

[42] Drew Gilpin Faust, “‘Without Pilot or Compass:’ Elite Women and Religion in the Civil War South,” in Religion and the American Civil War, ed. Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson (New York: Oxford, 1998), 251.

[43] Ibid.

[44] Bledsoe, 51-52.

[45] Summers.

[46] Shattuck, 12.

 

Sources Consulted

Bennett, William W. A Narrative of the Great Revival Which Prevailed in the Southern Armies During the Late Civil War Between the States of the Federal Union. Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle, 1976.

Bledsoe, Andrew Scott. “‘We Are a Spectacle to God’: The Phenomenon of Confederate Revivalism.” Academic Forum 23 (2005-2006): 37-59.

Brooks, Gene. “The Revivals in the Confederate Armies as Part of the Great Prayer Meeting Revival 1858-1865.” Sunday in the South, 2008. Accessed July 11, 2015. http://www.oocities.org/genebrooks/mh520.html.

Caldwell, J. F. J. The History Of A Brigade of South Carolinians: Known First As “Gregg’s” And Subsequently As “McGowan’s Brigade.” Marietta, GA: Continental Book Company, 1951.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. “‘Without Pilot or Compass:’ Elite Women and Religion in the Civil War South.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 250-260. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. “Days of Judgment, Days of Wrath: The Civil War and the Religious Imagination of Women Writers.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 229-249. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Frederickson, George M. “The Coming of the Lord: The Northern Protestant Clergy and the Civil War Crisis.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 110-130. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Genovese, Eugene D. “Religion and the Collapse of the Union.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 74-88. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Harman, Troy D. The Great Revival of 1863: Effects Upon Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Edited by Kurtis Toppert and Walter Seager. Damascus, MD: Penny Hill Press, 2013. Kindle.

Jones, J. William. Christ in the Camp: The True Story of the Great Revival During the War Between the States. Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle, 1986.

Lacy, Benjamin. “Revival in the confederate Army.” Heart Cry Journal 15 (2001). Accessed July 11, 2015. https://www.lifeaction.org/revival-resources/heart-cry-journal/issue-15/revival-confederate-army/ [link defunct].

McPherson, James M. “Afterword.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 408-412. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Michels, William. Beneath the Wings of Angels: Religious Revivals in the Army of Northern Virginia. N.p.: Amazon Digital, 2015. Kindle.

Miller, Randall M., Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson. “Introduction.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 3-18. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Noll, Mark A. “The Bible and Slavery.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 43-73. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Paludan, Phillip Shaw. “Religion and the American Civil War.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 21-40. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Romero, Sidney J. Religion in the Rebel Ranks. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983.

Shattuck, Gardiner H. A Shield and a Hiding Place: The Religious Life of the Civil War Armies. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1987.

Stout, Harry S., and Christopher Grasso. “Civil War, Religion, and Communications: The Case of Richmond.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 313-359. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Summers, Mark. “The Great Harvest: Revival in the Confederate Army During the Civil War.” Religion and Liberty 21, no. 3. (2015). Accessed July 11, 2015. https://acton.org/great-harvest-revival-confederate-army-during-civil-war [link updated March 22, 2017].

Wilson, Charles Reagan. “Religion and the American Civil War in Comparative Perspective.” In Religion and the American Civil War. Edited by Randall M. Miller, Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, 385-407. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Woodworth, Steven E. While God is Marching On: The Religious World of Civil War Soldiers. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Worsham, John H. One Of Jackson’s Foot Cavalry. New York: Neale, 1912.

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Category: Church History, Winter 2017

About the Author: F. Wesley Shortridge, D.Min. (Evangel University, 2016), M.A. (Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, 2010), B.A. (Central Bible College, 2009), is the founding pastor of Liberty Community Church in Bealeton, Virginia. Facebook LinkedIn

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