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Bible Versions: What is the Best Bible Translation? by David Malcolm Bennett

3 F.W. Grossheide, The First Epistle to the Corinthians (NICNT., Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1953), 307.

4 Gordon D. Fee, The First Epistle to the Corinthians (NICNT., Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987), 640.

5 The World Book Dictionary (2 vols. Chicago: Doubleday, 1969), 2:1654.

6 L. Morris, “Propitiate, Propitiation” in The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (4 vols. Geoffrey W. Bromiley [ed.], Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986), 3:1004.

7 To investigate this matter, consult the major Greek Lexicons.

8 Leon Morris (1955), “The Meaning of ίλαστήριον in Romans iii 25”, New Testament Studies, 2, pp 33-43, doi:10.1017/S0028688500017197. See also Leon Morris, The Apostolic Preaching of the Cross (London: Tyndale, 1955), 125-85; and L. Morris, ISBE, 3:1004-1005.

9 See also John R.W. Stott’s note “The biblical concept of propitiation”, The Epistles of John (TNTC., Leicester: IVP, 1987), 84-88.

10 See Bruce M. Metzger, Robert C. Dentan and Walter Harrelson, The Making of the new Revised Version of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991), 73-84. It is noteworthy that the authors of this book are described as the “Chair” and the “Vice-Chair” of the NRSV translation Committee.

11 Harrelson in Metzger, Making, 76-77.

12 This appears as either “son of man”, “Son of man” or “Son of Man”.

13 The inclusive language issue is, of course, much more complex than I have portrayed it. Those wishing to examine it further should consult, D.A. Carson, The Inclusive Language Debate: A Plea for Realism (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998). This is a well-balanced consideration of the subject.

14 An earlier revision of the NIV with inclusive language ran into a storm of controversy.


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Category: Biblical Studies, Pneuma Review, Spring 2013

About the Author: David Malcolm Bennett, Ph.D., is an Anglo-Australian Christian researcher and writer with over 15 books in print. They include The Altar Call: Its Origins and Present Usage, The Sinner’s Prayer: Its Origins and Dangers (companion website:, The Origins of Left Behind Eschatology, Edward Irving Reconsidered: The Man, His Controversies, and the Pentecostal Movement, and The General: William Booth. He is also the transcriber, editor and publisher of The Letters of William and Catherine Booth and The Diary and Reminiscences of Catherine Booth.

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